Before Ensign, Russ used to take pipework and fitting quantities off a hard copy drawing, then transfer these on to one of his own takeoff sheets.
“Following this, I would send the quants to a wholesaler for prices. This was a lengthy process and I could spend days (depending on project size) getting the takeoffs done and quotes returned.
“Time was the main problem with the manual takeoffs. Also, some wholesalers would not even return quotes for large material lists, as they obviously knew larger firms use software to calculate these prices in house. For a small outfit like myself, this was a problem.”